FILIPINO MAQUI BERRY FARMERS
(march twenty-five, 1889)
We applaud the work of the ressortchef (umgangssprachlich) of groupe to create agriculture in the Philippines. Evidence of these will be the boards, commissions, and committees and numerous tasks. We suggest, however , which the farmer be consulted as well, the one in direct contact with the area, who makes the land fruitful with his capital and labor and puts into practice the measures that science and knowledge suggest. And not just must this individual not neglected but none must his hands are tied, disabling them for work, since it happens, unfortunately. It is not enough to issue royal decrees and regular measures; they have to be forced and forced expediently. The Filipino player has to have difficulty not only with plagues and public disasters but in addition to petty tyrants and thieves. Against the 1st, defense without a doubt is allowed; against the second option, not always. We shall explain. Following your floods, locusts, fires, awful harvests, and so on, the farmer capitalist must deal with the constable whom takes away from him his laborers for personal assistance, some community works, restore of streets, bridges, while others; with the civil guard who also arrests them for several reasons, at times for not transporting with all of them their personal cedulas (certificates), for not saluting properly, to be suspicious persons or for no reason whatsoever, and in addition they menacle them to clean the barracks and thus force the capitalist to live about better terms with the primary and, if perhaps not, they get away his carabaos, oxen, in spite of a large number of protests, coming back again them afterwards however , mainly because these acts of violence happen to be unjustified but not within the proficiency of the detrimental guard. The task is usually postponed three or four days only but at times it is delayed several weeks, the animal can be lost or dies; which happens when the civil safeguard, going beyond its legal system or region, commits these plunders in another province after which returns to its own;...