Coleman And Kay - Model Semantics -- 1981. pdf file
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PROTOTYPE SEMANTICS: THE ENGLISH WORD LAY
LINDA COLEMAN and PAUL KAY
College or university of Cal, Berkeley
The meaning of the expression lie ('prevaricate') consists within a cognitive modele to which various real or perhaps imagined events may correspond in varying degrees. This kind of view clashes with the familiar one in which in turn word meanings consist of pieces of important and sufficient conditions, and distinguish in the background between situations and non-instances. The relevance of the notions of MODEL and GRADIENCEin semantics has previously been established in physical and sensory lexical domains. The current paper implies that these thoughts are also relevant in summary and interpersonal domains. Answers are reported via an try things out which helps this watch. *
Received notions of word meaning in linguistics are based on the idea of the semantic feature or perhaps component: ' semantic features are under the radar properties (or relations), and they contrast discretely with one another. This is of a word is displayed as a pair of features, quite possibly with a one member. Versions on this common theme change in that some see the SETof discretely contrasting features as having no more structure (as in, the writings of anthropological semanticists such as Wallace & Atkins 1960, in Chomsky 1965: 214, and the earlier writings of Jerrold Katz), and some believe that additional (e. g. treelike) structure is enforced (cf. Weinreich 1966, Katz's later articles, or Parasite 1974: 149 ff. ) We are not really concerned in this article with these subvariations within the generally approved theory of discretely different semantic pieces, since all of us intend to problem the very idea of the discrete semantic characteristic. The ensemble of ideas built after this critical notion have already been aptly seen as a Fillmore 1975 as REGISTER theories. 2 Since the most basic case of this theory is the fact in which zero additional structure is made on the group of discretely different features, it is going to suffice to show that, possibly in this easiest form, the checklist theory is substandard to our approach in accounting for the sort of cases which have been selected to exemplify that. (A related demonstration in the matter of color terminology is given by Kay & McDaniel 1978. ) In line with the checklist watch, the definition of the semantically sophisticated word (or sometimes just one 'sense' of this word) includes a set of features or parts such that specific object (physical or otherwise) is aptly labeled...
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